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Tue 10 Nov 2020 17:09 - 17:10 at Virtual room 2 - Empirical

Context: The ‘as code’ suffix in infrastructure as code (IaC) refers to applying software engineering activities, such as version control, to maintain IaC scripts. Without the application of these activities, defects that can have serious consequences may be introduced in IaC scripts. A systematic investigation of the development anti-patterns for IaC scripts can guide practitioners in identifying activities to avoid defects in IaC scripts. Development anti-patterns are recurring development activities that relate with defective IaC scripts. Goal: The goal of this paper is to help practitioners improve the quality of infrastructure as code (IaC) scripts by identifying development activities that relate with defective IaC scripts. Methodology: We identify development anti-patterns by adopting a mixed-methods approach, where we apply quantitative analysis with 2,138 open source IaC scripts and conduct a survey with 51 practitioners. Findings: We observe five development activities to be related with defective IaC scripts from our quantitative analysis. We identify five development anti-patterns namely, ‘boss is not around’, ‘many cooks spoil’, ‘minors are spoiler’, ‘silos’, and ‘unfocused contribution’. Conclusion: Our identified development anti-patterns suggest the importance of ‘as code’ activities in IaC because these activities are related to quality of IaC scripts.

Tue 10 Nov
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17:00 - 17:02
Talk
Research Papers
Jacob KrügerUniversity of Magdeburg, Germany, Thorsten BergerChalmers University of Technology, Sweden / University of Gothenburg, Sweden
DOI
17:03 - 17:04
Talk
Research Papers
Ben HermannTechnical University Dortmund, Stefan WinterTU Darmstadt, Janet SiegmundTU Chemnitz, Germany
DOI Pre-print Media Attached
17:05 - 17:06
Talk
Research Papers
Umme Ayda MannanOregon State University, USA, Iftekhar AhmedUniversity of California at Irvine, USA, Carlos JensenOregon State University, USA, Anita SarmaOregon State University, USA
DOI
17:07 - 17:08
Talk
Research Papers
Massimiliano Di PentaUniversity of Sannio, Italy, Gabriele BavotaUSI Lugano, Switzerland, Fiorella ZampettiUniversity of Sannio, Italy
DOI
17:09 - 17:10
Talk
Journal First
Akond RahmanTennessee Tech University, Effat FarhanaNC State University, Laurie WilliamsNorth Carolina State University
Link to publication DOI Pre-print Media Attached
17:11 - 17:12
Talk
Research Papers
Dan Gopstein New York University, USA, Anne-Laure FayardNew York University, USA, Sven ApelSaarland University, Germany, Justin CapposNew York University, USA
DOI Pre-print
17:13 - 17:30
Talk
Paper Presentations
Akond RahmanTennessee Tech University, Ben HermannTechnical University Dortmund, Iftekhar AhmedUniversity of California at Irvine, USA, Jacob KrügerOtto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Massimiliano Di PentaUniversity of Sannio, Italy, M: Brittany JohnsonGeorge Mason University